Buy pet medications without vet Rx prescription - such as Comfortis Brown without rx prescription - and many others for sale on this site. Medications are dispensed from an Australian Jurisdiction whereby legally in AU - No Rx Prescription is required as they are classed as (Over The Counter Products.)

Here at Hoofanhound.com have always believed that providing all customers with superior service is the key to building loyal,long lasting excellent client relationships.

Shipping pet medications worldwide - also to Canada, Australia, New Zealand and all over Europe - No Vet Rx Prescription Required: as these are all classed as (Over The Counter Products.) See our great monthly specials on selected pet medications.

Shipping everywhere for the same low cost, a flat rate of only $7.00 for one or more items.

Email - enquiries@hoofanhound.com

Hoofanhound Discount Pet Medication Supplies







About us - Hoofanhound.com was established as a family operated Pet & Produce Business in April 1995.

We run a large well established Pet and Produce Store - Yarra Junction Produce. Also Hoofanhound.com - supplying Discount Pet Meds and Farm supplies to many thousands of satisfied customers in store and on-line.

We Believe in Putting You!! the Customer First!

So you will be amazed!! by our customer sales and service and attention to detail and prompt shipment of of your chosen product purchase.

How is my order being shipped and delivered?

Orders are shipped by airmail from Auspost Airmail and delivered by: United States Postal Service (USPS) in the United States

Canada Post in Canada -

Royal Mail in the United Kingdom -

Auspost in Australia.

www.hoofanhound.com

Mail - P O Box 360 2434 Warburton Hwy Yarra Junction 3797 Victoria. Australia

Contact us:

Best Times to call by phone.

USA Clients FREE CALL 1866 243 3575 (Sunday - Thursday 7pm -2am EST)

UK Clients FREE CALL 0800 032 2371 (Monday - Friday 12am - 7pm GMT)

USA Clients best times to call

Eastern time zone 7.00 PM to 2 AM

Central time zone 6.00PM to 2.00 AM

Mountain time zone 5.00 PM to 11.00 PM

Pacific time zone 2.00 PM to 11.00 PM

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Customer Feed Back. Testimonials. 01/2013 to 11/2014

Rating: Excellent

Shipping Options Rating: Excellent Delivery Rating: Excellent Ease Of Purchase Rating: Good Customer Service Rating: Excellent

Comments: Price Rating: Excelle

Oh thank you very much Mr. Rob! I am hoping you may have a Facebook account so I can share your web address and let my friends "In" on your marvelous pet products. I am very blessed and grateful that Hoofanhound exists! What a HUGE savings it brings to the United States! Many blessings to you and yours and thanks so much for helping the U.S. and many other countries with these fantastic "arsenals" (meaning protection from those visible and invisible annoying bug pests!) so our precious pets can live in peace and have longer lives here.:)

Have a great day today, Dee Dee Khakbaz

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Rating: Excellent

Shipping Options Rating: Excellent Delivery Rating: Excellent Ease Of Purchase Rating: OK Customer Service Rating: Excellent

Comments: Price Rating: Excellent

I had a minor credit card hiccup for using an international company. Once we got that cleared up - everything was great! I plan to use HoofanHound for all my purchases going forward

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Rating: Excellent Comments:My pleasure Rob! Price Rating:Excellent, Shipping Options Rating:Excellent, Delivery Rating:Excellent, Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent, Customer Service Rating:Excellent.

My pleasure Rob! I already posted to my Facebook without you even kindly asking! I also let the doggie day care owner where I take my mutt in on you last year, she has SIX, hopefully you are getting her order Dogspot - Carlene is the proprietor.) I was so pleased on my shipment from last year how solid your outdates were... I guess I was expecting near expired or expired meds which I know are still good for a while, BUT NO! Your meds were fresh as a daisy!!

Very Happy here! Ollie's mom - Dawn R

CA 08/17/2014 ..........................................................



Rating: Excellent Comments:Thank you so much! Price Rating:Excellent, Shipping Options Rating:Excellent, Delivery Rating:Excellent, Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent, Customer Service Rating:Excellent.

Hi Rob,got my order of Pet Medications today! Thank you do much. Shipping only took 7 days with a holiday in there. You guys are now top on my list for pet supplies and medications, especially with your reduced pricing and the fact that shipping time is very reasonable. I WILL be referring Hoof & Hound to everyone I know who needs pet care, especially those darn expensive flea control products! Your prices are so much more reasonable than other web sites I've researched or the chain stores. I'm glad I found you online :-)

Once again , thank you !!

Sue Mang

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Rating: Excellent Comments: Price Rating:Excellent Shipping Options Rating:Excellent Delivery Rating:Excellent Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent Customer Service Rating:Excellent Title: Hi Rob I have purchased medications from your store Hoofanhound for years and will continue doing so. I tell my "dog" friends about them. I am very happy with the quality of products and service I get. Kris CA

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Rating: Excellent Comments: Price Rating:Excellent, Shipping Options Rating:Excellent, Delivery Rating:Excellent, Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent, Customer Service Rating:Excellent.

Hi Rob, Oh yes of course I will share your GREAT COMPANY!!!!!!! I was laughing to my husband the other day saying “I love this guy in Australia”!!!!! Maybe we should travel there and meet him!!!!!! Seriously, it is wonderful to have such a reliable company and you have always replied to me promptly. Shopping the net can be a bit perilous these days but you have been GREAT GREAT GREAT! We were in Mexico for a month this winter and I met several people on the beach in Troncones, Mexico while we were there. There is a HUGE dog rescue effort there for all the stray pups on the beaches. I told them about being able to get medicines from you without prescriptions. That is huge!!!! For a rescue group to not have to go through traditional vets for “standard” products.

Anyway Rob, just know you have a major fan here in the States and a major marketer! J

Thanks again, Myrna Clements

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Rating: Excellent Comments: Price Rating:Excellent, Shipping Options Rating:Excellent, Delivery Rating:Excellent, Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent, Customer Service Rating:Excellent.

I have ordered from Hoofanhound for years and will continue to order from them!there sales and service is the best.

Kris CA -----------------------------------------------------------

Rating Excellent.

Thank you hoofanhound.com The last order was shipped very fast and the flea meds I bought the last time worked great. The flees just fall off and die. I have never seen something work so fast. They started falling off within 30 minuets and seem to keep the dogs free of fleas. I have tried many other products including advantage and none have worked as good as Comfortis. Thank you, Mark S SA

feel free to use my comments above on your website or advertising Mark Sattelmeier.

Rating: Excellent

Body: Robert is ever so helpful when you call the customer service. I love this company.

Alice SA

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Rating: Excellent

Price Rating:Excellent Shipping Options Rating:Excellent Delivery Rating:Good Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent Customer Service Rating:Excellent Comments:

Hi Rob, I have referred many of my clients to your site and products.. and I am always happy with the prices and the service..

you guys are the best, I will always come here for products first!

Not "Good" deals.. but Great ones!

thanks so much

Nikki Camerlengo

loyal and continued customer 05/15/2013

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Rating: Good Comments: Price Rating:Excellent Shipping Options Rating:Excellent Delivery Rating:Good Ease of Purchase Rating:Excellent Customer Service Rating:Excellent Title: Body:A definite ease of the wallet! This company gives generic which is as good as brand name for animals! The product is priced and shipped better than I expected. Communications with the company are excellent! I would highly recommend anyone to do business with them! Aces in my book!

P Ken M E

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Rating: Excellent Title: I have never had anything but positive experiences with Hoofanhound.com. The orders are delivered very timely and extremely cost efficient. I love this store!! It only takes me a few minutes to make my purchase because the website is not confusing. Great place to shop - been doing business with them for several years now and will continue.

Catherine LA

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Rating: Excellent

Title: Awesome company...highly recommended to bypass unnecessary but required in the United States, prescription from your over-priced vet. Be aware that your bank will probably include a small charge because of different currency.

WOW! I can't believe the awesome service & fast shipping. My order arrived in less than a week! I've ordered products from this country USA (& state) that took longer to get here. You have made me a very happy customer. I LOVE HOOF AN HOUND!!! Sincerely, Jamie c a

Testimonial. Thank you rob! i appreciate the personal touch you add to your business. in this day and age, it means everything. i look forward to receiving the excellent products in my order placed 07/07/2012. FYI, i have found your Frontline Plus to be far superior to the american version and have told many friends that it works better and lasts longer. your prices are excellent and the flat rate shipping is wonderful. thank you again for being so attentive. Peggy (Margaret) Madden C A

Testimonial. Thank you Hoofanhound!! We received our order yesterday 4/10/13 for Pet Medication . Thank you very much for your great site and great prices. We put your business magnet on our fridgerator to remind us every year where to order from.

Thanks again & God Bless - Katy & Chris C A

Testimonial.

HiRob,

My order for Flea Meds was delivered faster than I thought it would. Needless to say I was very impressed. My husband is a Dr.(retired due to arthritis and colon cancer) however he always comes up with some unusual instrument. This time he came up with a pill cutter. Not your average ordinary pill cutter but one that must have cost a fortune. It was excellent for cutting the pills. It is wonderful not having the dogs scratching themselves and me not having a flea (fleas) on me every time I played with them. We fed them a meal and gave them their pill then put them in their crates. I wanted to know which one got sick. None did. I also fed them separately so I was sure they all had eaten a meal

We will be doing business with you in the future.

As always,

Sue Cole CA June 2012 ----------------------------------------------------------- Sept 2012

Rating: Excellent Comments:

EXCELLENT PLACE TO SHOP ONLINE. AFTER CALLING ALL THE VETS IN MY LOCAL AREA AND NOT BEING ABLE TO FIND ANY OF THE MEDICINE I WANTED (THEY ALL SAID THEY WERE OUT OF STOCK IT AND IT WOULD NOT BE AVAILABLE TILL THE END OF THE MONTH AND HERE IS IT THE END OF THE MONTH). ALL THE ONLINE PLACES HAD BIG "OUT OF STOCK" BANNERS ACROSS THE PRODUCT WHEN I WENT TO THEIR WEB PAGES TOO THEN I FOUND THIS WONDERFUL PLACE ONLINE "HOOFANDHOUND.COM AND FOUND THE MEDS I WANTED AND NEEDED NO RX, ORDERED IT AND GOT IT WITHIN 6 DAYS (AND BEFORE THE END OF THE MONTH!! MY DOG IS VERY HAPPY AND FLEA FREE AND MY WALLET IS VERY HAPPY AND $14.65 RICHER AS THE MEDICINE IS CHEAPER, EVEN WITH POSTAGE, AND NO DRIVING TO TOWN. yOU MUST MUST MUST USE HOOFANHOUND.COM......SAVE A BUNDLE AND BE HAPPY. I LIVE IN THE SOUTHERN USA, MANY MANY MILES FROM AUSTRALIA BUT YOU CAN BET I WILL BE ORDERING ALL MY REGULAR VET SUPPLES FROM THEM. I LOVE LOVE LOVE THEM AND WILL BUY FROM THEM FOREVER.

Marie Ann C A Usa



Shipping Information:

Q - How much does shipping cost?

A 'Flat Rate' of ($7.00) only for 1 or more items ordered.

We Ship World Wide to all countries for the same very low cost.

Contact us:

Email rob@hoofanhound.com

Email info@hoofanhound.com

Best Times to call by phone.

Eastern timezone 5.00 PM to 12.00 PM

Central timezone 4.00PM to 12.00 PM

Mountain timezone 3.00 PM to 12.00 PM

Pacific timezone 2.00 PM to 12.00 PM

www.hoofanhound.com Mail - P O Box 360 2434 Warburton Hwy Yarra Junction 3797 Victoria. Australia

Free Call 18662433575

Phone 0011 61 359672845 Fax 0011 61 359672144

Hoofanhound.Com - your specialist one stop pet medications and pet supply store.

We Believe in Putting You!! the Customers First!!

Hoofanhound.com have always believed that providing customers with superior service is the key to building loyal relationships. Our customer-centered philosophy is embraced by every employee hoofanhound.com and is evidenced by the policies we stand behind, including:

Brand Name Pet Medications for Dogs & Cats

We carry all of the most popular and vet recommended pet medications including Advantage, Advantix, Advocate, Heartgard, Comfortis, Panoramis, Interceptor, Sentinel, Drontal, and many more.

We offer these products for the lowest possible price available, we're confident you'll be happy with your purchase however we also offer a 30 day returns policy on all of our products for your peace of mind.

Quality Guarantee

100% guarantee

Our pet medications and other pet products are sourced from within Australia and the United States to bring you great savings. All products are genuine, labeled in English and have the longest expiry dates currently available.

When you know and love a brand of flea, tick or worming product, it's important to get what you expected. This is our promise to you.

The exact brand you ordered, From the same manufacturer, With the same ingredients, At the same dosage, The same as what you would buy from your vet, 100% genuine, no imitations Shipping

Shipping

Most orders are dispatched within 2 business days of being placed.

We offer a choice of standard international air mail delivery or Registered Shipping on most items.

Orders over $450.00 will qualify for free standard air mail shipping.

We offer a 30 day money back guarantee.

Plus a 100% Satisfaction Guarantee - If you're not satisfied with a product you purchase from us you can return it to us for a full refund Providing that it is in as new condition - no questions asked.

Every Order Processed within 24 - 48 Hours - We stock virtually every product we sell to eliminate back orders and to get your pet supplies to you as quickly as possible - almost always within 5-8 business days.

24/7 E - Mail Customer Service Support - If you ever have a question about a product, wish to place an order, or check on the status of your order, you can E - Mail us anytime of the day or night and our fully trained customer service staff will be happy to help you.

No Minimum Orders, if you only want to place an order with us for one small item, we'll be happy to serve you, and with only a few exceptions,

Over time we have worked very hard to develop and maintain a reputation for providing world-class customer service. You have our commitment that we will do everything we can to ensure that your every experience with us will be a positive one.

You will be amazed by our customer sales and service and attention to detail and shipment of of your chosen product purchases.

Hoofanhound.Com Return Policy.

Return Shipping charges are generally the responsibility of the customer.

If you decide to cancel the order or you have placed an incorrect order your will receive a full refund providing that the goods are in as new condition. Or exchange minus the shipping charges. We must be notified withing 7 days of your receipt order.

If an incorrect order is due to our error a full refund including shipping will be received.

• Placing a New Order with Hoofanhound.Com

Placing an online order with Hoofanhound.Com is easy -- you don’t even need to create an account first. That will come at the end – after you've found everything you need for your Dogs, Cats and Horses health!!








www.hoofanhound.com
Mail - P O Box 360
Yarra Junction 3797
Victoria. Australia
Phone 61 359672845
Fax 61 359672144
enquiries@hoofanhound.com

FAQ

Your most asked Question answered for you.

Q. How much is my freight?

A. Freight charges are at a flat reduced rate of US$7.00

Q. How long does the shipping take to arrive in USA/Canada/Europe and the UK?

A. Orders are generally dispatched on the same day or next again day and should arrive by International Air Mail within 5-8 working days not including weekends or public holidays.

Q. Are the products shipped similar or the same as the products we get in USA/UK etc. ie Drontal Plus, Comfortis, Panorami/Trifexis, Heartgard Plus,Frontline Plus, Advantage Multi,Revolution.

A. Yes. All our products are from the same manufacturers as the ones you receive from your local vet.

Q. What is the difference between Frontline and Frontline Plus?

A. Frontline plus actually kills the flea eggs and flea larvae as well as the flea.

Q.What is the difference between Heartgard and Heartgard plus?

A. Heartgard plus treats and kills intestinal worms such as Round worms and Hook worms.

Frontline® Plus for Dogs provides fast, effective and convenient treatment and control of fleas and ticks for dogs weighing from 4-132 lbs.

Directions Frontline Plus: It is a violation of Federal Law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. Do not allow children to apply product. To prevent harm to you and your pet, read entire label and enclosed directions before each use. Follow all directions and precautionary statements carefully. Use on dogs only. Do not use on rabbits. Do not use on other animals.

To kill fleas and all stages of brown dog ticks, American dog ticks, lone star ticks, and deer ticks (which may carry Lyme disease), apply to dogs or puppies (8 weeks or older) as follows: Remove applicator from child-resistant package. Hold applicator upright and snap applicator tip away from face and body. Place applicator tip through animal's hair to the skin level between the shoulder blades. Squeeze applicator, applying entire contents in a single spot to the animal's skin. Avoid superficial application to the animal's hair. Only one applicator per treatment is needed.

Frequency of Application: When used monthly, Frontline® Plus for Dogs completely breaks the flea life cycle and controls tick infestations. Research demonstrates that Frontline Plus kills adult fleas, flea eggs, and flea larvae for up to three months. Frontline Plus also prevents development of all flea stages for up to three months. Frontline Plus kills ticks for at least one month. A once monthly application is recommended where tick control is needed. Although Frontline Plus can control fleas for up to one month, if there is a high risk of re infestation or if the pet has fleas which may cause flea allergy dermatitis, a once monthly application will be necessary.

Frontline Plus remains effective even after bathing, water immersion, or exposure to sunlight. Avoid contact with treated area until dry. Do not reapply Frontline Plus for 30 days.

Advantage Flea Control

Bayer - Advantage flea control is among the top brands when it comes to flea control for pets Cats and Dogs. Our pets depend on us to protect them from the ravages of fleas. It's easy for us to help them with just a little information, and the right pet supplies. Advantage flea control is the number one choice of pet owners in the United States of America and the U K for their cats and dogs flea control.

When fleas get into our pets' fur, it causes massive itching, scratching, and discomfort. Advantage flea control and other pet supplies like it can save your dog or cat from this kind of discomfort. Just a little anti-flea education info on your part will do wonders for your pet's health and happiness.

When you buy pet supplies that control fleas like Advantage Flea Control, you not only save your pet from discomfort, but you save yourself as well. Fleas will not stay on your dog or cat alone. Research shows that once fleas are on your pet, they will jump elsewhere, onto items in your home, onto you, and onto your children. Advantage flea control will stop this from happening.

This means that Advantage flea control for your pet is also home flea control. By getting solid info and buying quality pet supplies, you can keep your pet and home flea free. Neither you nor your pet should have to deal with the itching and discomfort caused by multiple flea bites.



Advocate - Advantage Multi - by Bayer Animal Health for Dogs and Cats- released April 1st, 2004 in Australia.

Advocate: is a monthly spot on treatment product for Dogs and Cats which not only treats and controls Fleas, but also prevents heartworm as well as gastrointestinal worms Roundworm, Hookworm, Whipworm, with the added benefit of the treatment of ear mites and Sarcoptic Mange.

MONTHLY USE OF NEW ADVOCATE "Advantage Multi USA" from ( Bayer Animal Health )

Stops fleas from feeding (Biting) within 3-5 minutes Kills 98-100% of fleas within 12 hours of 1st application Kills both adult and larval fleas within 20 minutes of contact Kills fleas that jump onto the pet later, within 1 hour Remains effective after swimming, bathing or rain Breaks the flea life cycle by killing flea larva and adults,treats ear mites, sarcoptic mange,prevents heartworm disease, and other worms.

SAFETY

Advocate is safe to use on puppies from 7 weeks and kittens from 9 weeks of age. Advocate not only has a wide safety margin for pets, but for their owners as well.

Wednesday, April 24, 2004 DOG SUPPLY, Pet meds, Pet medication, Pet medicine at hoofanhound.com online pet supply store

Posted by Robert @ 8:38 PM Heartworms and heartworm disease in dogs and cats.

Heartworm Transmission

Heart worms are about six inches long. They live mostly in the heart and the large blood vessel that bring oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart. Adult male and female worms living in the heart produce thousands of microscopic baby worms which circulate throughout the body. These baby heartworms do not grow to adulthood in the dog where they were born. (If they did, the dog would quickly die and that would be bad for both the dog and the heartworms.) Before baby heartworms can develop further, they must find their way to a mosquito.

So then, a mosquito comes along and bites the infected dog, sucking up baby heartworms. This probably isn't too good for the mosquito, but it is what the worms have been waiting for. During the next month, the heartworm babies develop into heartworm teenagers, a stage partway between baby and adult.

Now, the mosquito bites another dog, infecting the new dog with teenage heartworms, ready to develop into adulthood. After six or seven more months the life cycle is complete: new adult male and female heartworms are producing thousands of baby heartworms.

Heartworms in the Northern Sierra foothills The tree hole mosquito, which breeds in oak trees at our elevation, is very good at spreading heartworms. It lives longer than most mosquitoes, takes repeated blood meals, and even seems to remember where it found food the last time. Since the mosquito remembers where it got a good meal last time, it is likely to deliver teenager heartworms back to the to the same dog they originally came from as babies or miss that particular dog and give them to the dogs that live next door. As a result we often see clusters of very severe heartworm infestation.

In 1972, when the heartworm problem in this part of the United States was first being recognized, 25% of all heartworm infections which were reported in the state of California that year were reported by our hospital. Entomologists from U. C. Berkley came to Placerville to catch heartworm-infected mosquitoes for their studies.

We have a lot of heartworms here. Unprotected dogs living outdoors will almost certainly catch heartworms. Indoor dogs going outside in the morning and evening will probably catch heartworms. Statistics show that long hair offers no protection whatever.

Canine heartworm disease & canine heartworm symptoms There are no symptoms at all until the disease is very advanced. Then, the symptoms are those of congestive heart failure: dull coat, lack of energy, coughing, difficulty breathing, perhaps fainting spells and an enlarged abdomen. Waiting for symptoms to develop is not a realistic alternative to prevention.

Canine heartworm prevention There are several different drugs used for heartworm prevention, all of them highly effective and easy to use. You have your choice between a monthly good-tasting pill, a monthly application to the skin or a once-ever-six-months injection. All are highly effective and cost about the same, although there is a new semi-generic product that's a bit cheaper. In cold climates, prevention medication is unnecessary during the winter. In Placerville, we have mosquitoes year 'round, and although we could theoretically skip the medication when it is sufficiently cold, the weather is different every year. Our recommendation is once a month, year 'round, permanently

Canine heartworm testing No medication is perfect, and none of us have perfect memories. Dogs should be periodically retested. In situations where pet owners feel confident that the medication is being given regularly, testing every two years is adequate.

Heartworm treatment in dogs Although heartworms can be fatal, and treatment for the disease involves risk, the condition is nearly always curable. Treatment requires careful medical care and complete rest at home after-wards. See heartworm treatment in dogs.

Feline heartworm disease Because cats are not a natural host for the parasite, heartworm disease in cats is a very different problem. Cats are much less likely to get heartworms than dogs are. When they do, symptoms are unpredictable and seemingly illogical.

Heartworm symptoms in cats Usually there are no symptoms. When noted, symptoms resemble those of other more common problems.

vomiting wheezing, choking fainting spells hindquarter paralysis sudden unexplained death

Heartworm treatment in cats We do not have a satisfactory drug for heartworm treatment in cats. If we did, using it would be risky because cats do not deal well with dead heartworms. They sometimes absorb the dead worms successfully; they sometimes die from arterial obstruction or from allergic reaction to the dead worms. So, if we could kill feline heartworms, it is not clear that we should. As it stands now, the best treatment for feline heartworm disease is to start on prevention (so they don't get more) and try to control the symptoms, if there are any.

Heartworm testing in cats Primarily because of the low heartworm numbers found in cats and the fact that heartworms do not reproduce in cats, testing is much less reliable than in dogs. Although the American Heartworm Society considers it "good medical practice" to test cats before starting on prevention and it is hard to argue with this, we feel that effort and expense required to test the entire cat population would be better devoted to doing something more useful. After all, even if we know that a cat has heartworms, our treatment is exactly the same as for a cat that doesn't have heartworms: give medication to keep form getting more heartworms and watch for symptoms.

If your cat has unexplained vomiting problems, or especially if there is difficult or noisy breathing, heartworm testing is an important part of the diagnostic workup. If you "just want to know", that is also a good reason to test for heartworms. However, we do not ordinarily test cats that look good and act normal.

Heartworm prevention in cats We urge everyone in our area to protect their cats from heartworm disease. If your cat is entirely indoors and you don't get mosquitoes in the house, she may not need heartworm protection, although a surprisingly high proportion of feline heartworm cases occur in "indoor" cats.

HEARTWORM STUDY IN OVER 51,000 DOGS Heartworms are large nematode worms that live in the heart and major arteries of dogs. The adult worms produce larvae that circulate in the blood stream. The larvae are picked up by mosquitoes when they feed on infected dogs and are then transported by the mosquitoes to new dogs. Until the early 1960s, heartworm was known in America only in the Deep South. In the 1960s, it spread up the Mississippi Valley and now occurs throughout the United States wherever mosquitoes are present and temperatures are sufficiently warm.

Recently, the University of California at Davis conducted a study in which over 51,000 dogs in Northern California were tested for heartworm infection. The incidence of heartworm in San Joaquin county was very low, with one positive dog for every 40 to 100 dogs tested. However, infection rates in Amador and El Dorado counties were high, with one positive dog for every 6 to 20 dogs tested. Infection rates were also high in parts of the Sacramento Valley (especially in the north) and in coastal valleys where moisture and temperature conditions are favorable to mosquitoes.

Because the heartworm infection rate is increasing and due to the proximity of areas with a high rate of infection, we recommend that all dogs be on heartworm preventative. Prior to initiating preventative medication, dogs should be tested for heartworm to establish that they are not already infected.

This page was scanned from a Novartis brochure.

the broadest spectrum parasite defence with just one tablet once a month.

Heartworm protection Intestinal worm protection Tapeworm protection Stops the flea life cycle One tablet once a month Tasty beef Flavor Tab TM No pesticide residue on dog For puppies as young as two weeks 100% guaranteed Heartworm

Can kill, cause heart disease and organ failure Untreated, advanced cases can kill within 72 hours of symptoms appearing Spread by mosquitoes, so all dogs are at risk Sentinel Spectrum is 100% effective in preventing heartworm disease1 and is recommended for puppies as young as two weeks of age.

Missed dose protection Sentinel Spectrum will protect against heartworm for up to 60 days if the dog is re-dosed immediately and regular monthly dosing is maintained for the next two months.

Intestinal worms Roundworm

Cause diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, stunted growth and a 'pot belly' appearance Are present in most puppies when born and can also be picked up from soil The most common worm passed from dogs to humans Sentinel Spectrum is 99.5% effective in removing and controlling roundworm.2

Hookworm

Cause bloody diarrhea, anemia and in extreme cases, death Attach to the intestinal lining, leaving bleeding wounds Are picked up from the environment and passed through faeces of infected dogs Larvae can be swallowed or can penetrate the skin in humans Sentinel Spectrum is 97.8% effective in controlling hookworm.3 Whip-worm Cause bloody diarrhea and anemia Are picked up from the soil, and passed through faeces of infected dogs Frequently evade detection Sentinel Spectrum is 97% effective in removing and controlling whipworm4. NEW Tapeworm Live in the small intestine Cause irritation around the anal region Are picked up by eating fleas or uncooked offal from infected animals Can pose a serious risk to humans Sentinel Spectrum is 100% effective in removing and controlling tapeworm5. Fleas

Can cause extreme discomfort and a serious canine skin condition called flea allergy dermatitis Spread tapeworm, another parasite that may affect your dog Sentinel Spectrum stops flea eggs from hatching, controlling fleas and preventing flea infestations before they start. Protect your family too Many intestinal worms that infect dogs can also infect humans. These are called zoonotic diseases. Although the risk of contracting such infections is low, it is important to be aware of the possibility, because some parasites such as roundworm and tapeworm can cause serious illness in humans. However, zoonotic diseases are easy to prevent. By protecting your dog against the four major intestinal worms, SENTINEL SPECTRUM provides top level defence for your family too.

SENTINEL SPECTRUM -100% guaranteed The SENTINEL SPECTRUM guarantee will ensure all reasonable measures will be taken by Novartis Animal Health to resolve any flea or worm infestation that occurs where SENTINEL SPECTRUM has been administered according to the label and leaflet instructions.

SENTINEL SPECTRUM will prevent heartworm and control roundworm, hookworm, whip-worm and tapeworm in your dog(s). In the unlikely event that your dog shows clinical signs of disease caused by any of these worms and tests positive, when SENTINEL SPECTRUM has been administered according to the label and leaflet instructions, Novartis Animal Health will reimburse all reasonable costs incurred in treating those diseases.

SENTINEL SPECTRUM will control flea infestations in your home. If you have a persistent flea problem at the end of four months' continuous correct use, we at Novartis, working through your vet, will use our best endeavors to investigate and resolve the problem on your dog.



Top dog defense SENTINEL SPECTRUM is the most convenient way to get 3-in-l parasite protection against heartworm, intestinal worms -including tapeworm - and fleas. One delicious beefy flavored tablet given once a month with a full meal, all year round, is all it takes to give your dog a lifetime of protection against the most dangerous worms and fleas. And by protecting your dog, you'll be protecting your family too. Not only is SENTINEL SPECTRUM effective, it is extremely economical. SENTINEL SPECTRUM protects against three major parasite per six months.

Sentinel Spectrum

Don't forget to give a Sentinel Spectrum Flavour TabTM, with food, to your dog monthly

1. Blagburn BL. Efficacy of milbemycin oxime in preventing heartworm disease and controlling hookworms. Presented at AAHA Annual Meeting, April 8-14 1989, St Louis MO. 2. Freedom of information summary. Supplement to NADA #141-084. Data on file. Novartis Animal Health Inc. 3. Bowman DD, Johnson RC, Hepler Dl, et al. Effects of milbemycin oxime on adult hookworms in dogs with naturally acquired infections. Am J Vet Res 1990;51(3):487-490. 4. Blagburn BL, et al. Efficacy of milbemycin oxime against naturally acquired or experimentally induced Ancylostoma spp and Trichuris vulpis infections in dogs. Am J Vet Res 1992;53(4);513-516. 5. Efficacy evaluation of flavored combination parasiticide tablets for the removal of experimentally induced adult Echinococcus granulosus infection in dogs. MPI Research inc. 2002. Data on file, Novartis Animal Health.

Information: > Public Health Issues

DRONTAL® PLUS - THE FIRST SINGLE-DOSE COMBINATION WORMER FOR DOGS

Drontal Plus will quickly and reliably eliminate the intestinal roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, and tapeworms which your dog is carrying.



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Active Ingredient Febantel; Praziquantel; Pyrantel embonate

Category Febantel; Praziquantel; Pyrantel embonate

Target Species Dog

Mode of Action Praziquantel: Praziquantel kills mature and immature development stages of tapeworms in the intestine after a single treatment. Within a few seconds of the tapeworm coming into contact with praziquantel its interaction with phospholipids and proteins causes damage to the tegument. The inflow of Ca+2ions results in an immadiate contraction of the entire strobila. Moreover, these changes lead to a reduction of glucose intake and an accelerated depletion of energy reserves. Pyrantel embonate: Pyrantel, an anthelmintic of the tetrahydropyrimidine group of compounds, acts in a similar way to levamisol, by inducing a depolarising neuromuscular blockade. Pyrantel, being a cholinergic agonist, acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at the nicotinergic receptor causing spastic pralysis of the parasite. Febantel: The mechanism of action of febantel is primarily based on interference with the carbohydrate metabolism of the worm. The suppression of mitochondrial reactions (inhibition of fumarate reductase) and interferencewith glucose transport act not only on all developmental stages of the helminths but also on the eggs containing the larvae. Benzimidazoles bind to the structural protein tubulin, thereby preventing its polymerization to microtubules which provide the transport system for the absorbing cells. The consequence of blocking this transport activity is incomplete absorption and digestion of nutrient particles and cellular autolysis through activation of lysosomal enzymes.

Indication/Description Praziquantel: 2-(cyclohexylcarbonyl)-1,2,3,6,7,11b-hexahydro-4H-pyrazino(2,1-a)isoquinolin- 4-one (CAS-No. 55268-74-1) Pyrantel embonate: (E)-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methyl-2-[2-(2-thienyl)ethenyl]pyrimidine and 4,4`-methylenebis[3-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid (1:1) (CAS-No. 22204-24-6) Febantel: Dimethyl [[2-[(methoxyacetyl)amino]-4-(phenylthio)phenyl]carbonimidoyl] biscarbamate (CAS-No. 58306-30-2) ; DRONTAL PLUS possesses an extremely wide spectrum of activity. Its uses cover infestation with the following dog roundworms and tapeworms: Roundworms: - Toxocara canis - Toxascaris leonina Hookworms: - Uncinaria stenocephala - Ancylostoma caninum Tapeworms: - Echinococcus granulosus - Echinococcus multilocularis - Dipylidium caninum - Taenia spp. - Multiceps multiceps - Mesocestoides spp hookworms, whipworms.

Chemical Structure

Praziquantel:

picture - chem_structure_prazi2

Pyrantel embonate:

picture - chem_structure_pyra2

Febantel:

picture - chem_structure_feba

Method of Administration The tablets are fed straight to the animal, preferably concealed in a piece of meat, cheese, or titbit. No special dietary measures are required either in adult dogs or in pups. The product is given as a single dose and need not be administered over several days.

Dosage 1 tablet per 22 lbs = 10 kg body weight



DRONTAL® CAT TABLETS - THE FIRST SINGLE-DOSE COMBINATION WORMER FOR CATS

Drontal Cat Tablets will control all the intestinal roundworms hookworms, and tapeworms which commonly infect all cats and kittens. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Active Ingredient Praziquantel; Pyrantel embonate

Category Endoparasitizides

Target Species Cat and kittens

Mode of Action Praziquantel: Praziquantel kills mature and immature development stages of tapeworms in the intestine after a single treatment. Within a few seconds of the tapeworm coming into contact with praziquantel its interaction with phospholipids and proteins causes damage to the tegument. The inflow of Ca+2ions results in an immadiate contraction of the entire strobila. Moreover, these changes lead to a reduction of glucose intake and an accelerated depletion of energy reserves. Pyrantel embonate: Pyrantel, an anthelmintic of the tetrahydropyrimidine group of compounds, acts in a similar way to levamisol, by inducing a depolarising neuromuscular blockade. Pyrantel, being a cholinergic agonist, acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at the nicotinergic receptor causing spastic pralysis of the parasite.

Indication/Description Praziquantel: 2-(cyclohexylcarbonyl)-1,2,3,6,7,11b-hexahydro-4H-pyrazino(2,1-a)isoquinolin- 4-one (CAS-No. 55268-74-1) Pyrantel embonate: (E)-1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methyl-2-[2-(2-thienyl)ethenyl]pyrimidine and 4,4`-methylenebis[3-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid (1:1) (CAS-No. 22204-24-6) ; DRONTAL possesses an extremely wide spectrum of activity which covers infestation with the following cat nematodes and cestodes: Nematodes: Ascarids: - Toxocara cati - Toxascaris leonina Hookworms: - Ancylostoma tubaeforme - Ancylostoma braziliense Cestodes: - Echinococcus multilocularis - Dipylidium caninum - Taenia spp. - Joyeuxiella pasqualei - Mesocestoides spp.

Chemical Structure

Praziquantel:

picture - chem_structure_drontal_prazi

Pyrantel embonate:

picture - chem_structure_drontal_pyra

Method of Administration The tablets are given orallyt to the cat or kitten, preferably concealed in a piece of meat, cheese, or titbit. No special dietary measures are required either in adult cats or in kittens. The product is given as a single dose adult cats once every three months (administration over several days is not necessary).

Dosage 1 tablet per up to 9 lbs = 4 kg in bodyweight





Ringworm and public health issues

Despite its name, ringworm is not a worm. It is a fungal infection of skin. So "worming" your pet will not protect against it.

Public health issues: The ringworm fungus can spread to humans, especially children It causes a circular red "ring-like" lesion on the skin surface (hence the name). If you suspect a ringworm lesion, see your doctor ASAP for treatment as it can be very difficult to remove if it gets into the scalp. Localised lesions are usually treated with an ointment containing Miconazole. Fungal hyphae Ringworm glows in ultraviolet light Ringworm in human scalp

Transmission: Ringworm spreads from pet to pet either by direct contact, or by sharing infected bedding. Symptoms Ringworm skin lesions look like circular areas of hair loss. They can appear anywhere on the body. Favourite sites are the face and toes.

Diagnosis A vet can run several tests to diagnose ringworm. Approx. 70% of ringworm lesion glow yellow-green under an ultra violet (UV) light As skin scrape may reveal ringworm fungal elements when viewed under the microscope (see images below) If there is no result with the UV light, a culture of the suspect hairs is made.Treatment • Long haired pets need to be clipped • All bedding should be removed as it may contain infected hairs.

• Use Malaseb shampoo 2-3 times a week leaving it on for 10 minutes each time. • Traditional therapy involves giving a drug called Griseofulvin. However, it is not without slight risk of causing "dry eye", a condition where the eyelid glands stop making tears. •

Program paste given orally is very effective at killing ringworm. The dose for cats is approx. 100mg/kg repeated 2-3 weeks later. We tend to use Program paste instead of Griseofulvin. • All infected and in-contact animals need to be treated

WORMING - Your Dog for Tapeworm Control:

General Information

Tapeworms can conjure up many images and thoughts of a ghastly infestation. However, in comparison to other intestinal worms it is probably the parasite with the least direct health problems. Although they compete with the infected pet for the nutrients of ingested food, they do not generally harm the host. Tapeworms, which include several types, reside in the intestines of dogs, cats, humans, rats, mice, fish and others animals. They consist of a head and a long flat body made up of segments. This body can be several feet, if not more, long. Segments, each having the ability to reproduce, are passed in the animal's feces, leaving the head still attached to the animal's intestinal lining, where it produces new segments. One of the worst case scenarios is that if left untreated it may become so long that it obstructs the intestines.

As a general rule though, tapeworm infection may not cause any noticeable illness in your pet, or it may show moderate signs of infection. These symptoms may produce digestive upsets, excessive or decreased appetite (depending on the pet), poor hair and skin coat (possible balding, red areas especially on the rump and feet), weight loss and vague signs of abdominal discomfort. But, what most owners who've had a pet with tapeworms can tell you is that the first thing you most likely notice is the 1/4 inch, whitish worms that may expand and contract in your pet's stool. Or the cucumber seed-like or rice grain-like dried segments in their pet's bedding area or clinging to the hair around their butt.

However disgusting it may be finding one of these segments, this is the best form of diagnosis there is since the eggs may not be found upon microscopic examination of the feces by your veterinarian. The reason being is that the nature of the worm's ability to carry the eggs inside the segments and are not laid in the stool as are other worm's eggs, which is how most intestinal worms are diagnosed.

The good news is that tapeworms are not passed directly from pet to pet, but require an intermediate host in which to develop. It is not transmitted by direct contact but by ingestion of an intermediate host either while eating or grooming. The bad news is that the common intermediate hosts are fleas and small animals, such as mice, rats, squirrels and rabbits. Fish are the intermediate host for one type of tapeworm, but this type is only occasionally seen in domesticated pets.

Treatment

Treatment for the most common form of tapeworms in pets can be treated by a single or oral dosage DRONCIT. There are several different types of dewormers available. Recent studies, stated by Ohio State University, have shown that the efficacy rate is better in oral medication DRONCIT, As you may know, some animals especially cats, just don't like taking pills and the quantity of pills needed for a large dog increases the expense. This SINGLE dose of DRONCIT will destroy the tapeworms within 24-48 hrs that are in the body at the time of dosage. Since the eggs reside in the segments itself, they are all killed along with the segments.

Now, this does not mean that a pet will not get reinfected. In fact, if you do not eliminate the intermediate hosts (fleas, etc...) than you may experience the whole cycle again in as little as two weeks.

Control of the environment is the key

1. Fleas must be eliminated from both the pet and the environment, preferably before bringing them home from the vet.

2. Apply a flea control to your pet - Advantage or Frontline Plus.

3. Don't forget to treat the inside and outside, especially the bedding area with a flea control.

4. If your pet's a hunter at heart, don't allow them to eat small rodents or raw fish.

5. For maintainability, use a fine tooth flea comb to inspect for infestation and to destroy stragglers. Remember, even one infected flea can cause tapeworms. You may find it useful to dip the flea comb in rubbing alcohol to stun the fleas. Though this may not be advised for sensitive skin.

Tapeworms are a frustrating and disgusting ailment because fleas are usually involved.

WORMING - Your Dog for all intestinal worms:

Puppies should be wormed every 2 weeks from about 4 weeks of age till 12 weeks, then monthly until 6 months of age, then as for adults once every three months.

Adults: Please worm every 3 months. They are wormed against Roundworm, Hookworm, Whip-worm, Tapeworm. Roundworm and Hookworm larvae can infect children.

We recommend the following products:

Drontal and Drontal Plus - Best product Highly Recommended.

Drontal Liquid Worming Suspension - Highly Recommend for all pups of any breed.

Canimax Tablets for Dogs - Heartworm and Intestinal Worm Control

Active Ingredients: abamectin, praziquantel, oxibendazole

A palatable tablet given once every SIX weeks for the control of heartworm and intestinal worms. Presented in a pack of FOUR tablets. Not for use in pregnant dogs (safety trials currently underway). Can be used in pups from 6 weeks of age then repeated every 6 weeks.

Used for the prevention of

Heartworm – spread by mosquitoes, so all dogs in such areas are at risk, will cause heart & lung disease and eventually death.

{Dogs must be tested for heartworm before commencing Canimax if they have not been on heartworm prevention before}

and the control of

Roundworm (immature & adult) – causes diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In younger dogs it can stunt growth and give them a “pot belly” appearance. As round can be transmitted to puppies soon after they are born, treatment can commence as young as 2 weeks of age. Roundworm can cause disease in humans

Hookworm – causes bloody diarrhoea, anaemia & in some cases death; damage the wall of the intestines causing them to bleed internally leading to black faeces. Larvae and be swallowed or simply migrate through the skin. Roundworm can cause disease in humans

Tapeworm – The Common Flea Tapeworm, Dipylidium develops in the dogs intestine and can be up to 50cm long. Segments of the tapeworm may sometime be seen in the faeces or around the anus area. While not a major health risk, Dipylidium can cause itching around the dogs hind end leading to scooting and/or anal gland problems. Hydatid Tapeworms, Echinococcus granulosa, are more serious. They are found in areas where dogs and sheep are in contact and pose a serious health threat to humans.



* Also see note on interceptor or Sentinel below.



HEARTWORM:

This is a disease due to a large worm that affects the heart and adjacent blood vessels. It is carried by up to 60 species of mosquitoes. Treatment of this potentially fatal disease is quite involved and expensive, but PREVENTION is as follows:

Daily dosing with D.E.C. throughout the year, eg. Dimmitrol.

Monthly dosage of a drug throughout the pet's life. These are more effective at breaking the parasite's life cycle, eg.,

Heartgard - heartworm only. Used in combination with Drontal for total worm control.

Interceptor - heartworm plus roundworm, hookworm, whip-worm control.

Sentinel - this product combines Interceptor with Program (see external parasites) and thus provides a degree of Flea control.

Proheart - available as Monthly Tablets.

Advocate and Advantage Duo or Revolution - applied monthly for heartworm and fleas.



EXTERNAL PARASITES:

Fleas: Control and elimination depends on treating your pet and its environment. Our recommended regimes are as follows:

Frontline Plus - SAFE and effective for about 4 weeks - highly recommended, even on pups - Frontline Plus on pups from 12 weeks age.

Advantage - Easy to apply - just once per month, attacks the adult fleas and the larvae in the pet's environment. Can be used as Advantage Duo for heartworm prevention as well.

Permoxin - Safe to use as spray or rinse, needs application at least weekly.

THE BEST - Advocate Spot on, Frontline or Advantage monthly in combination with Sentinel.

TICKS !! All you ever wanted to Know about Ticks:

Best to refer questions direct to your veterinary surgeon or nurse in regards to advice but recommended products are Frontline Plus, Kiltix Collars as well as regular checking.

Ticks These are obligate ectoparasites of many terrestrial vertebrates worldwide. They resemble mites and like mites they belong to the subclass Acari; however, they are considerably larger than mites. Infectious species - A small number of species of two of the three families of ticks, Ixodidae (hard ticks) and Argasidae (soft ticks) occasionally parasitize dogs and cats. These two families contain more than 800 species. Ticks are called hard because the dorsal covering of the male is hard. Although the two families share some basic features they differ in many others including morphologic, physiologic, feeding habits and reproductive patterns. Members of the family Ixodidae are by far the most common ticks found on dogs, cats and other domestic animals. Important features of ticks - They can be readily seen with the naked eye. The unfed larvae are about 1 mm in length and just visible. There are one, two and three host ticks. One host tick - the entire development from larva to adult takes place on one host. Two host tick - the larva and nymph occur on one host and the adult on another. Three host tick - each stage of development, larva, nymph and adult takes place on a different host. The life cycle can take as long as three years to complete. "Ornate" ticks have a colored enamel-like area covering the body. Ticks are temporary parasites of many animals; they stay on the host for short periods. The adults of common hard ticks (Ixodidae) can live for months off the host; some up to two years. Many tick-borne pathogens remain in the tick when it molts from one stage to the next, e.g., Ehrlichia canis in Rhipocephalus sanguineous. This is called transtadial or horizontal transmission. One host ticks and some three host ticks exhibit transovarian transmission of pathogens, i.e., they infect the ovaries of the tick and pass with the eggs to the next generation of ticks, e.g., the rickettsia of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Dermacentor andersoni and D. variabilis. As indicated below, a number of important canine, feline and human diseases can be transmitted by ticks. Life Cycle - The life cycle of three host ticks is briefly as follows.The fertilized, engorged female drops off the host (1) and lays eggs, usually more than a thousand. Eggs hatch yielding six-legged larvae (seed ticks) that live on vegetation, e.g., grass and shrubbery. They attach to an appropriate host (2), feed for several days, drop off and molt into eight-legged nymphs. These attach to an appropriate host (3) and after a blood meal, drop off and molt into an adult. Clinical Features - Ticks are found more commonly on dogs than on cats. They are generally of little clinical significance in either animal. The most common sites of infestation are the head , neck and ears, the less accessible areas for scratching and grooming. Ticks can produce some inflammation of the skin and possible allergic reactions at feeding locations. The larvae and nymphs of Otobius megnini cause a severe dermatitis in the external ear that is characterized by a waxy exudate. Heavy infestations on rare occasions lead to anemia. Tick-bite paralysis, which is an important complication, is discussed separately below.

Some Important Ticks Parasitizing Dogs and Cats in North America Rhipicephalus sanguineus - This inornate, three host tick (dog ?dog ?dog), referred to as the brown dog tick is found worldwide and is primarily parasitic on dogs. It transmits canine babesiosis, canine monocytic ehrlichiosis, canine haemobartonellosis and may produce tick paralysis. Dogs can contract hepatozoonosis by ingesting R. sanguineous. Dermacentor variabilis - This ornate, three host tick, referred to as the America dog tick, occurs in the Eastern and Central US, Eastern Canada and Mexico. It causes tick paralysis in dogs most commonly and occasionally in cats. It transmits Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia and is suspected as a vector of feline cytauxzoonosis and canine granulocytic ehrlichiosis. Dermacentor occidentalis - This ornate, three host tick, the so-called Pacific coast tick is mainly found in coastal areas of western US. It is a three host tick that may be found anywhere on the horse. It can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever to humans and dogs, Colorado tick fever to humans, tularemia, and causes tick paralysis in humans, dogs and cats. Dermacentor andersoni - This ornate, three host tick, called the Rocky Mountain wood tick, is found in the western US and Canada. It transmits Rocky Mountain spotted fever and tularemia and causes tick paralysis in dogs and cats. Ixodes scapularis (dammini) - This inornate, three host tick, referred to as the shoulder or deer tick occurs in North America. It and I. pacificus transmits Lyme disease. Amblyomma spp- Species of this genus are not very host specific and some are found on dogs and cats. Amblyomma americanum - This, the so-called lone-star (silvery spot on female) tick, has three hosts and occurs in the South Eastern to South Central US and in tropical Latin America. It transmits tularemia, Q-fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Lyme disease and is suspected as a vector of canine granulocytic ehrlichiosis. Amblyomma maculatum (Coast tick) - Tropical Latin America and Atlantic and Gulf Coast. It transmits Hepatazoon americanium in the Americas. Amblyomma cajennense- Occurs in tropical Latin America and south Texas. It transmits Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Otobius megnini - This argasid, soft tick, is found in the ears of dogs and cats in the Americas and parts of Africa and Asia. Only the larvae and nymph forms are found in the ears. The adults can survive on the ground for as long as two years. Diagnosis - Ticks and particularly the larger engorged females, can be readily seen on the skin. A number of morphologic characteristics are used by parasitologists to identify the various species. Treatment -

Dogs and cats that have been in areas where ticks are prevalent should be carefully examined and ticks carefully removed. To remove, the head of the tick, which is usually buried, is grasped firmly with forceps as close to the skin as possible and pulled straight-out. Preventive flea treatments are effective; the treatment for dogs differs from that for cats. Various acaricides including organophosphates and pyrethroids are used for dipping and application to the environment. Flea or tick collars are used and acaricidal preparations are applied to ears to control ear ticks.

Control -

Keep dogs and cats from exposure in tick infested areas. Spray kennels and environs with acaricides. Prevention of tick infestation is particularly important in that when the tick or ticks are found on the host a disease such as canine babesiosis or hepatozoonosis may have already been transmitted.

Public Health Significance - Ticks from dogs and cats occasionally bite humans with the potential of exposing them to the tick borne diseases, Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q-fever, human babesiosis and relapsing fever.

Tick Paralysis (Tick-bite Paralysis) More than twenty species of ticks with varying geographic distribution have been reported to have the capacity to produce tick paralysis. This condition mainly affects humans (children especially), dogs (occasionally) and cats infrequently. It is assumed to be due to a protein neurotoxin produced by ticks and introduced during biting. Those mainly involved in North America are D. variabilis, D. andersoni, and D. occidentalis. In Australia, Ixodes holocyclus produces a particularly potent neurotoxin. Young animals are most susceptible to tick paralysis. Toxicity - The circulating neurotoxin interfers with acetylcholine release at neuromuscular junctions leading to an ascending paralysis. Toxicity is mainly associated with female ixodid ticks and incidence of the disease is related to the latter's activity in the spring and early summer. The incubation period is 5 - 9 days, i.e., from the time of introduction of toxin until signs appear. Clinical Features - Temperature is usually normal. Initially there are discomfort and often vomiting and dysphagia. Abnormal fore- and hindlimb reflexes, unsteady gait, incoordination and weakness with ascending paralysis. Sensation and consciousness is retained. In a few hours the animal is unable to move, breathing is difficult and death may ensue in several hours if ticks are not removed. If ticks are removed in time recovery takes place within 1 - 3 days. Diagnosis - This is based on the progressive paralysis and the presence of ticks. Rapid recovery after tick removal is confirmatory. There are no observable lesions and blood and fluid values are normal. Treatment and Control -

There is none, other than the prompt removal of ticks. Measures should be directed toward reducing exposure to ticks and to their removal when present.

Public Health Significance - Humans are susceptible to tick paralysis initiated by tick bites; however, animals with tick paralysis cannot transmit the disease to human

DESEXING:

If you do not intend to breed from your pet then this procedure is recommended, particularly if you live in an urban area. It is perfectly satisfactory to desex the female pet before her first season. Our recommended age for both sexes is about 6 MONTHS old. This is a good time to consider MICRO-CHIPPING as a form of permanent I.D for your pet.

CANIMAX Tablets for Dogs - Heartworm and Intestinal Worm Control

Active Ingredients: abamectin, praziquantel, oxibendazole

A palatable tablet given once every SIX weeks for the control of heartworm and intestinal worms. Presented in a pack of FOUR tablets. Not for use in pregnant dogs (safety trials currently underway). Can be used in pups from 6 weeks of age then repeated every 6 weeks.

Used for the prevention of

Heartworm – spread by mosquitoes, so all dogs in such areas are at risk, will cause heart & lung disease and eventually death.

{Dogs must be tested for heartworm before commencing Canimax if they have not been on heartworm prevention before}

and the control of

Roundworm (immature & adult) – causes diarrhoea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In younger dogs it can stunt growth and give them a “pot belly” appearance. As round can be transmitted to puppies soon after they are born, treatment can commence as young as 2 weeks of age. Roundworm can cause disease in humans

Hookworm – causes bloody diarrhoea, anaemia & in some cases death; damage the wall of the intestines causing them to bleed internally leading to black faeces. Larvae and be swallowed or simply migrate through the skin. Roundworm can cause disease in humans

Tapeworm – The Common Flea Tapeworm, Dipylidium develops in the dogs intestine and can be up to 50cm long. Segments of the tapeworm may sometime be seen in the faeces or around the anus area. While not a major health risk, Dipylidium can cause itching around the dogs hind end leading to scooting and/or anal gland problems. Hydatid Tapeworms, Echinococcus granulosa, are more serious. They are found in areas where dogs and sheep are in contact and pose a serious health threat to humans.

Sarcoptic Mange

Sarcoptic mange is a very itchy disease caused by a small mite not visible to the naked eye. Areas where the mites tend to burrow under the skin include the tips of the ears, elbows, hocks, chest and belly. However, in a severe infestation, mites can cause problems on the animal's entire body.

Diagnosis is made by performing several skin scrapings and examining the debris under a microscope. Unfortunately, in many dogs that have sarcoptic mange, no mites can be seen on skin scrapings. If sarcoptic mange is suspected, treatment may be the only way to diagnose and cure your dog.

This disease is highly contagious and can spread from pet to pet or from pet to human. Other dogs in the household should be treated whether or not they have symptoms. If any members of the family have red itchy bumps on their skin, they should consult their physician. Mites can only survive a short time off the dog; however, to ensure that there is no reinfection, your dog's living quarters should be thoroughly cleaned and bedding washed or thrown away.

No matter which treatment is chosen, your dog may remain contagious for the next 2 to 4 weeks. Please keep him/her confined and away from other dogs and unexposed persons until you re-check appointment.

Treatment

Treatment sometimes includes clipping your dog's hair coat. This will depend upon length of the hair coat and severity of the disease. If a dip is used, a good shampoo to remove all the scales and crust before dipping is recommended.

Several medicines can be used to kill the mites. These are in the form of dips, oral medications or spot-on products.

(specific instructions to be provided by your veterinarian)

Lime Sulfur Dip (LymDyp®) Shampoo your dog with a medicated shampoo before each dip. Dip all in-contact dogs with the diluted lime dip. Avoid getting the lime sulfur on paint, wood and jewelry while dipping your dog. Unfortunately, the lime sulfur will smell like rotten eggs. It may stain porcelain tubs. Do not rinse the dip off, the smell will dissipate with time.

Ivermectin (Ivomec®) Ivermectin is very effective at killing mites. It is used as a heartworm preventive. For scabies, it is widely used, but the FDA has not approved its use in the dog at the necessary dose. Thus it is an experimental treatment for scabies. With your approval, your dog will be given Ivermectin Valueheart treatments every 14days. This treatment is never used in collie-type herding breeds.

Selamectin (Revolution®)

This is an endectocide that is effective against many parasites including the Sarcoptic mange mite. It is placed on the skin at the back of the neck and absorbed into the system to have its effect. It takes two doses, one month apart, to have 100% success. Use a vial of Revolution on you dog or cat acording to body weight.

New!!Advocate Imidacloprid and Moxidectin.

This is an endectocide that is effective against many parasites including the Sarcoptic mange mite. It is placed on the skin at the back of the neck and absorbed into the system to have its effect.It takes one to two doses, one month apart, to have 100% success. Use a vial of New!!Advocate on you dog or cat acording to body weight to rid your pet of sarcoptic mange.



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